2013. 6 Special feature : Library buildings and their facilities in the digital age

The library building in digital information society – potentials and challenges

Tukuba University
2-4-10 Ninomiya Tsukuba Ibaragi-pref 305-0051 JAPAN

Abstract: This thesis aims to argue in which direction Library and Library Building should be focused on so that libraries can still be worth using in the digital information society. Thirty years has passed since it was claimed in the USA that library as a building would be extinct. As for reference to academic journals, it has been paperless at university libraries nowadays, so it is fair to judge such prediction is half accurate. This thesis examines the theory of “the library as a place” which emerged in the discussion of the extinction of libraries; and introduces libraries which embody such theory. Lastly, this thesis argues the idea of a library which can attract users based on “Forum of Knowledge with Roof-top” introduced by A. Agnoli.

Keywords:  library building / the library as place / forum of knowledge

Current trends in library building design

Mari Nakahara, Ph.D.
Asian Division, Library of Congress
101 Independence Ave., SE Washington, DC 20540-4810 USA

Abstract: In the last twenty years, a rapid development of technology and the emerging digital age have been changing the library field drastically. Libraries are obliged to meet with criteria of the infrastructure and to facilitate patrons’ needs. It sometimes involves changes in use of the library space, which has also led new library building design. The article attempts to analyze and examine the relationship between current trends of libraries and library building design, in comparison with its history. Current research methodology influenced by technological development is also commented through the author’s experience as an architectural historian as well as an information specialist.

Keywords:  library buildings / architectural history and design / Library of Congress / New York Public Library / academic libraries / public libraries / library space / digital age

Architectural planning and design for the library as a “place”

Takayuki NAKAI
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Aichi Institute of Technology
1247 Yachigusa, Yakusa Cho, Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture 470-0392 JAPAN

Abstract: This paper discusses the planning of public libraries and academic libraries as a place based on users’ behaviors and their consciousness. In public libraries, many users borrow books and also stay there to study or read books. Some users select a comfortable seat because there are many people and they don’t feel lonely. In academic libraries, many users use the place to study alone, but others use it to communicate with friends or to study and discuss with friends. They use analog data and digital data, or quiet space and active space depending on the occasion.

Keywords:  public library / academic library / users’ behaviors / selecting of a seat / as a place for the residents / image of the library / architectural planning and design

Library buildings in digital information age

Kazuhiko MASHIKO
Kazuhiko Mashiko Architect and MIKAMI Architects
3-4-36 Ohmachi Mito city Ibaraki pref 310-0062 JAPAN

Abstract: Libraries have provided the spaces for reflecting the way of knowledge and information of the time. Even in the future, advanced information society, and if the library as a physical “place” is still needed, the essence of the library should be embodied in library spaces. The focus is, then on to each human body. Skillful architects are indispensable in realizing the ideal library spaces. Indeed, selecting the capable architect would be the key consideration.

Keywords:  knowledge and information / information society / human body / place / architect

The space created by the interface between man and media

Chubu University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture
1200 Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Prefecture 487-8501 JAPAN

Abstract: Design process of libraries are discussed through the architect’s experience of designing 3 libraries (France National Library, Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus Media Center, Nishimachi International School Yashiro Media Center), mainly on Nishimachi. To share the vision for the ideal library between architects and clients, overview of historical trends of library buildings are provided through a perspective of library as a metaphor of knowledge, from Michelangelo of Mannerism era to Koolhaas of modern age. The vision for the future of library is also discussed from the viewpoint of the influences from France National Library Competition and Sendai Mediatheque Competition.

Keywords:  architect / design process / building type / France National Library / Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus Media Center / Nishimachi International School Yashiro Media Center / Sendai Mediatheque

How do the architects think about the digitized societies

Graduate School of Engineering Tohoku University
2-2-1 Katahira Aoba-ku Sendai Miyagi 980-8577 JAPAN

Abstract: This essay focus on the relationship between architect and design of library in the age of information. After 1995, several architects including Toyo Ito and Nobuaki Furuya proposed new possibility of library space in Japan. They tried to express Transparency, visualization of information, exchange of space and dissolution of building types through their works.

Keywords:  architect / library / Great East Japan earthquake / flexibility / visualization of information