The Journal of Information Science and Technology Association
(Johono Kagaku to Gijutsu)

Vol. 59 (2009), No.8

Universal services for barrier-free access to information

Universal design at library service

Universal Design Institute for Information Technology (UDIT)
3-67 Sakuradai, Aoba-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 227-0061 JAPAN

Abstract: The mission of library is to deliver information to the citizens. It must provide services to wide range of people with diverse ability, background, and all ages. Japan is now the most aged country in the world. In ageing society, and in digital society at the same time, requirements for library services should be reconsidered. In this report, I will discuss several case studies in the US and Japan about Print Disability supporting program in Universal Design perspective.

Keywords:  universal design / print disability / accessibility / digital book / digital library

The contemporary condition & future of support service for the deaf-blind:
based on the technological assistance for the disabilities

Masayuki SUGITA
Osaka Prefectural Central Library
1-2-1 Aramoto-kita, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-0011 JAPAN

Abstract: Deaf-blind people have obstacles in cases of mobility, communication and information. Summarizing on what deaf-blind is and what the computing environment of deaf-blind is, it introduces the author's experience of instructing computer skills at Osaka Prefectural Central Library and cultivating their supporters nation-wide. In March 2009, I visited HKNC (Helen Keller National Center) and Perkins School for the Blind and also attended the CSUN conference to learn the latest technology and the support situation of deaf-blind people in USA. Therefore it reconsiders the necessary assistance for deaf-blind and what they really need from now on in Japan.

Keywords:  deaf-blind / persons with disabilities / public library / USA / Information and Communication technology (ICT)

The conditions of universal design in publishing media

Tomoko KONDO
National Museum of Ethnology Library
10-1 Expo park, Senri Suita City, Osaka 565-8511 JAPAN

Abstract: This article provides a report on the contemporary state of the universal design for barrier free access to information in publishing media. Publishing marketing in Japan gives little or no consideration to persons with disabilities. In the United States of America, discriminating against persons with disabilities is prohibited by section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of the US Code. As a result, audio-books, electronic books and printed books of the same work are all distributed and sold simultaneously. This not only gives persons with disabilities barrier free access to information, but also gives expanded opportunities for publishing. In Japan, the movement for the barrier free access to information is moving forward slowly.

Keywords:  electronic books / audio-books translation / Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of the US Code / universal design / Multimedia DAISY book

Multicultural library services:
Library services to users with diverse language and cultural backgrounds:
What is so significant?

Jissen Women's University
4-1-1, Nukuikita-machi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo, 184-8501, JAPAN

Tokyo Gakugei University Library
4-1-1, Nukuikita-machi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo, 184-8501, JAPAN

Abstract: This paper begins with detailed descriptions of how the multicultural services provided ethnic, linguistic, and cultural minorities have evolved over the time. The significance of multicultural services is discussed from the four perspectives: 1) the right to know, 2) minorities as members of the community, 3) respect for human rights, and 4) commonality with services to the disabled. This is followed by descriptions of how international trends in human rights are developing, what measures are being taken up by international organizations for this issue. Finally, the paper concludes with a proposal that discusses the important aspects for librarians to have as they engage in multicultural library services in their communities and constituencies in the future.

Keywords:  library / multicultural library services / multilingual / linguistic human right / IFLA

Current state and trend of services in the people with disabilities for the public library use
−the case of Nagoya City Libraries−

Takafumi SUZUKI
Nagoya city Yamada Library, wrote 1

Nagoya city Kusunoki Library, wrote 2

Nagoya city Meito Library, wrote 3

Hisashi YAMADA
Nagoya city Tsuruma Central Library, wrote 4

Atsushi TANAKA
Nagoya city Meito Library, wrote chief
205 Bunkyodai 2-chome, Meito-ku, Nagoya-City, Aichi 465-0012 JAPAN

Abstract: Services in the people with disabilities for the public library use advances little by little. But there are differences in methods and services by a local government. Nagoya City Libraries started these services at the earlier time. As a case of the metropolitan area in Japan, we report volunteer readers in the library and books by mail. In addition, we exemplify the policy that was not finished of result because of too much the thing which tried it. Through these cases of the services, we introduce the real conditions and situations of services in the people with disabilities for the public library use.

Keywords:   Nagoya city libraries / public library / service to people with disabilities / books by mail / volunteer readers in the library

Series: Footsteps of information retrieval service pioneer (17):
Retrospection on the retrieval methods before the online retrieval

Kotake Office
5-4-5 Shinyoshida-higashi, Kohoku-ku,Yokohama 223-0058 JAPAN

Abstract: Several search methods before the online information retrieval, such as hand search of punched cards, machine sorting punched cards and batch retrieval by computer are described, mainly on what I experienced. Uniterm method and peek-a-boo card are explained, too. In addition, the Search using microfilm and WLN are mentioned.

Keywords:   etrieval method / punched card / uniterm card / peek-a-boo card / KWIC index /microfilm / WLN

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