The Journal of Information Science and Technology Association
(Johono Kagaku to Gijutsu)

Vol. 59 (2009), No.5

Information Professional : from the past to the future

What can we learn from the 25-year-long experience in giving the qualifying examination for a database searcher?

Hisamichi YAMAZAKI
Chuo University, Faculty of letters
742-1 Higashinakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0393 JAPAN

Abstract: The facts shown below were found by analyzing the data for the examination and economic indicators. 1. The applicants statistics have clear relation with the number of entry for database companies: 2. The increase in R&D spending has some relation with that of applicants. Three recommendation statements were made as follows: A) 2nd-class examination must be the focus. B) Collaborate with database companies. C) The total view and capability for information management should be tested.

Keywords:  information retrieval / searchers / qualifying examination / search techniques / information management / historical analysis

"The Japan Association for Searchers" from the past and present to the first step forward

Tsurumi University, School of Literature
2-1-3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Pref. 230-8501 JAPAN

Abstract: Establishment circumstances and scope of the Japan Association of Searchers are described and some future views are commented on my own opinion. It was established in 1987 that was gathered successful candidates of the first or the second grade examinations. In addition to the present membership, successful candidates of the basement examination and recommend persons by the member are added. The association hold general meeting once every year, regular meetings three or four times per year, and subcommittees. The newsletters have been published and the Web site is available. The cooperation to the examination, spiritual enhancement as information professional on their place of work, education of successor, and expanding new collaboration are commented personally for the future activity.

Keywords:  The Japan Association for Searchers / searchers / information professionals / examination concerned with database searching / IR Qualifying Examination / successful candidates of the examination / The Information Science and Technology Association / establishment circumstances / contents of activity


Mitsuko NAKA
Summit Pharmaceuticals International Corporation
Sumitomo Bldg. 4-5-33 Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541-0041 JAPAN

Abstract: This paper introduces the activities which are included main meetings, subcommittees and Web Service (IS Forum Web), of our INFO SPECIALISTS' Forum (IS Forum) during these twenty years. The most popular contents of IS Forum Web are the Games of Examinations for Information Specialists. The main members were changed from section of investigation, technical intelligence or research and development in manufacturing companies in 1994 to section of intellectual property or patents in manufacturing companies in 2006.

Keywords:  IS Forum / IS Forum Web / searchers / information specialists / Kansai / West Japan / examination of searchers and information specialists / game of examination

Think about "INFOPRO" from intellectual property department of the company

Nippon Shinyaku Co.,Ltd
14 Nishinosho-monguchi-cho, Kisshoin, Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8550 JAPAN

Abstract: Concerning IR qualifying examination, I have described my motive for the exam, the study method and the impact of the qualification on my work and mentality. Moreover, I have also mentioned the ideal form of future searchers. The recent advance in internet environment has significantly influenced the role of searchers. In this sense, searchers should not only enhance their skills but also shift to "INFOPRO" to further succeed in their careers. On this point, I have expressed my ideas obtained through works and experiences, on the difference between searcher and "INFOPRO", the priority which searchers have, and the ideal form of "INFOPRO".

Keywords:  INFOPRO / IR qualifying examination / manual professions / intellectual professions / Hempel's Crow

From "Searcher" to "Information User" -INFOPRO in public libraries-

Satoko INADA
Yamanashi Prefectural Library
2-33-1 Marunouchi, Kofu, Yamanashi 400-0031 JAPAN

Abstract: What does the librarian who is also INFOPRO see? This article reports about some cases which an INFOPRO as a system librarian experiences at a public library. The INFOPRO has some skill over the librarian's one, for example, the user-centred retrieval. In fact, the INFOPRO often cannot give full play to the ability at the public library, so feels the "librarian's barrier". But for breakthrough the barrier, it is important to keep the INFOPRO's knowledge. On the other hand, the INFOPRO can learn many things from librarians of public libraries, for example, a complete service spirit.

Keywords:   public library / librarian / INFOPRO / systems librarian / user-centred retrieval / librarian's barrier / searcher / information user

How do we foster information professionals?

Osaka Institute of Technology
5-16-1 Omiya, Asahi-ku, Osaka-si, Osaka 535-8585 JAPAN

Abstract: The author has worked in institutions supplying and using database information and has close ties with IP-related work in many businesses. Since April 2005, author has lectured and given seminars to undergraduates, graduates and professionals taking courses in IP, information retrieval, and related areas. There are large knowledge differences in their basics, terms of experience and awareness of information values, etc., between regular students and students with previous business experience.  This paper draws on the training and teaching to discuss problems, tasks, objectives, and the approach on IR Qualifying Examination. Also draws what the author thinks the important things to foster information professionals, mainly at universities.

Keywords:   information professionals / information retrieval / patent information / education of inforamtion retrieval / IR Qualifying Examination

Review: Open access - Development of institutional repositories

Library and Information Science, Faculty of Letters, Aichi University
1-1 Machihata-cho, Toyohashi, Aichi 441-8522 JAPAN

Abstract: Institutional Repositories at universities are seeking for new directions, such as mandatory deposit of research articles. eSciDoc of Max Planck Society is interesting in that it is a value-added repository of various new features. As the deposit to PubMed Central is now mandatory under the new Public Access Policy, the number of deposited articles has been increasing dramatically. Publishers still tried to overthrow this policy by pushing the Fair Copyright in Research Works Act.

Keywords:  Open access / institutional repository / funding agency repository / Public Access Policy / NIH / PubMed Central

Series: Footsteps of information retrieval service pioneers (14):
Memory of the Japan Pharmdoc Association

242 Iwaicho, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 242-0023 JAPAN

Abstract: As soon as Derwent started publishing pharmaceutical patent information service, PHARMDOC, in 1963 many Japanese pharmaceutical companies subscribed it. In 1966, its user group, the Japan PHARMDOC Association (JFA) was formed. JFA investigated the quality of the service, studied how to make best use of the service, and negotiated prices. After online service was launched, it also studied the comparison of services from several vendors. Initially the services offered online were very limited, and users had to rely on printed journals and card files for many years.

Keywords:  Derwent / PHARMDOC / JFA / Japan Pharmdoc Association / online searching / user group / card searching / magnetic tape

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