The Journal of Information Science and Technology Association
(Johono Kagaku to Gijutsu)

Vol. 57 (2007), No.5

New and theoretical trends in library and information science

A topology of bibliographic control in the digital information space

Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo
Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033 JAPAN

AbstractFBibliographic control is a general term meaning techniques, devices and institutional systems to tie, intervening through texts, documents as things and knowledge to be included in documents. It is the central idea of the modern librarianship and documentation. I explained such a general idea and argued on whether this term still has its effectiveness in the digital information environment after 1990's. Recent information technology enables information retrieval, which used to be impossible by old technology, by combining full text search techniques and natural language processing techniques. However this would have possibilities to make lose sight of the dynamism of knowledge production, circulation and use process through texts. We have to elucidate a general process of knowledge system through bibliographic control in library and information science continuously.

KeywordsF  bibliographic control / library and information science / knowledge production / text / library / digital library / mass digitization project

Evidence in library and information science research

Shuichi UEDA
Keio University
Mita3-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345 JAPAN

AbstractFEvidence based librarianship (EBL) or evidence based library and information practice (EBLIP) is a relatively new concept for library and information science. This article describes research project, "Evidence based approach in library and information science research", which appeared from the flow of EBM and EBL/EBLIP. EBA is grant in aid project which aims to review research methods, and to evaluate these methods in library and information science research from the view of evidence. The concept of evidence in EBLIP will be different from evidence in EBM.

KeywordsF  Evidence based library and information practice / research methods / evidence of research

Archive and its ethics |LIS and philosophy as the outside|

Takahiro SUZUKI
National Diet Library
1-10-1 Nagatacho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8924 JAPAN

AbstractFThe purpose of this article is to describe the importance of the ethics of archive in the present time when the national libraries and the private sectors|especially, Google|construct the huge digital archives. Some LIS researchers pointed out libraries' power to the community to which the library belongs. Based on their articles, we examine the close relation between the m?diologie which is one of the French contemporary philosophies and LIS, and we show that the m?diologie begun by Regis Debray and developed by Bernard Stiegler presents the effective tool to analyze the power of archive institutions. Finally, we insist that it should be indispensable to take into consideration the ethics of the archive in the actual information society where many digital archives are in a construction

KeywordsF  archive / ethics / the history of LIS / symbolic power / Michel Foucault / M?diologie / Google

What is the novelty of folksonomy?

Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies
University of Tsukuba
1-2, Kasuga, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-8550 JAPAN

AbstractFThe term "folksonomy" is a compoud of the words folk (or folks) and taxonomy. Acording to the Wikipedia, a folksonomy is an Internet-based information retrieval methodology consisting of collaboratively generated, open-ended labels that categorize content such as Web pages, online photographs, and Web links. In this paper, some articles on folksonomy were critically reviewed and the novelty of folksonomy was revealed.

KeywordsF  folksonomy / taxonomy / classification / indexing / tagging / social bookmark

De-construction of information-unit in informational realism

Yukio-Pegio GUNJI
Faculty of Science, Kobe University
Nada, Kobe 657-8501 JAPAN

AbstractFIn starting from Floridi's informational realism, we investigate the ontological commitment in his "System|Level of abstraction|Model|Structure (SLMS)"|scheme. We argue that the ontological commitment results from the discrepancy between objects and what is observed and is kept as the discrepancy between type and token in a theory. Such a discrepancy is perpetually kept in a theory, and leads to the deconstruction of informational unit, and that reveals evolutionary process of theory and/or reality.

KeywordsF  informational realism / SLMS-scheme / adjunction / deconstruction / computational turn

Open access and institutional repository - from where to where.
(‡U) Institutional repositories and research funding agencies

Faculity of Lwtters,Aichi University
1-1 Machihata-cho, Toyohashi 441-8522 JAPAN

AbstractFAlmost seven years have passed since the first Open Access publisher, BioMed Central, was established. Discussed here are various initiatives for Open Access, such as institutional repositories which have begun to appear even in Japan, and the commitment to Open Access by major funding bodies such as NIH, Wellcome Trust, and RCUK. The new policies of Wellcome Trust and CERN to work with publishers are worth noting.

KeywordsF  Open Access / electronic journals / scholarly journals / institutional repositories / Open Access options / free access with embargo period / funding organizations / BioMed Central / PLoS / SPARC / NIH / Wellcome Trust / RCUK / scholarly publication / academic societies

A library model as information recommendation facility

Faculty of Engineering, Yamagata University
4-3-16, Jonan, Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510 JAPAN
Sonoda Women's University
7-29-1, Minami-Tsukaguchi, Amagasaki, Hyogo 661-8520 JAPAN

AbstractFThis paper describes a methodology and condition for a library model based on information push. Generally, the purpose that university library exists is essentially as educational roles. However, existing libraries in universities cannot unfulfilled, that is, their works are just checking out, searching, and recommending books to all students. University library should recommend the books to each student based on his/her preferences and conditions. Namely, recommending books to each student is one of the most important educational roles in support as university libraries. We propose a new library model based on information push, which is realized as book recommendation support system. Concretely, we discuss integrations of data of an academic information system and educational information system. Further, we discuss utilizing general commercial sites and data of students' preferences.

KeywordsF  information push / information integration and reuse / book recommendation / academic information / educational information

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